Assistive technology and tools 
for learning difficulties, migraines 
and other neurological differences 


Authors: P.A. Allen, B.J.W. Evans, A.J Wilkins (2010)

This book is about visual problems that can make reading difficult for people who do not have eye diseases or low vision. The visual probems that are most often associated with reading difficulties are binocular instability, accommodative anomalies, and a condition called visual stress (Meares-Irlen syndrome) in which text may appear to move and blur, resulting in eye-strain and headaches. These visual problems that can contribute to reading difficulties often become evident at school but can persist into adult life. The book describes a clinical protocol that can be used to identify and treat these conditions.  

Optometry Today editor, David Challinor, interviews the authors ofVision and Reading Difficulties, Bruce Evans, director of research at the Institute of Optometry, Professor Arnold Wilkins, director of Visual Perception Unit at the University of Essex, and Peter Allen, principal lecturer and director of clinics at Anglia Ruskin University: Watch Video(#2-Optometry Today).



 Written by: Arnold Wilkins (2003)

Reading Through Colour tells the story of the discovery and development of the use of coloured overlays and tinted glasses to help overcome reading difficulty, which can sometimes result in almost miraculous improvements.

Arnold Wilkins, the scientist who was one of the first to provide evidence that coloured filters can work, explains how sufferers are often unaware of the effects of visual stress, having no way of realising that others see print differently. They frequently suffer headaches or migraine, but at school can be considered simply lazy.

"A wide spectrum of readership has been addressed: optometrists will welcome this concise book." (Optician, 13th August, 2004)

"Recommend to anyone involved in working with children and adults experiencing difficulties in learning to read." (The Psychology of Education Review, August 04).



Book: Dyslexia & Vision


Author: B.J.W. Evans (2001)

There have been many papers in vision science journals about visual factors in dyslexia, but these findings have not always been disseminated to the professionals in the dyslexia field. Dyslexia and Vision aims to meet this need. The primary purpose of the book is to provide professionals with the information they need in order to offer balanced, insightful advice for people in their care.

In addition, eyecare professionals themselves are often bewildered by the plethora of claims and anecdotes in the field of dyslexia and vision.

A secondary purpose of the book is to provide, in appendices, a balanced "evidence-based" review of the literature for eyecare professionals.